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The Fear of Spiders - Arachnophobia

the fear of spiders

The fear of spiders, arachnophobia is equally a really common phobia particularly to females. It is gotten from two Greek words ‘arachine’ meaning spiders and ‘phobia’ meaning fear of, thus the name – arachnophobia, the fear of spiders. People often cofuse or just call spiders insects but it is to be noted that spiders are not insects rather they are arachnids thus, the fear of spiders should not be confused with the fear of insects, entomophobia. One major difference is that spiders have eight legs and insects have only six legs.

Causes of arachnophobia
The causes of arachnophobia are quite numerous, from the common causes of phobia to the not so common ones, arachnophobia sure has a long list. A few of the more important causes of arachnophobia includes the following;
i.                     Evolutionary adaptation - yes! Just like a cat’s instinct to chase a mouse and a mouse’s instinct to run at the sight of a cat without ever before being told that they are sworn enemies, predator and prey, scientists believe the fear of spiders might have originated from this similar ideology thus our body is telling us to stir clear of spiders in the form of fear. The only question remains, if this is so, why do we not all have arachnophobia?

ii.                   Traumatic experience(s) – I remember the first time I attempted doing a back flip, my form was wrong and I landed so bad it gave me serious fears to attempt it a second time. Similarly, the fear of spiders may be instilled upon us if we have ever been bitten before by a spider or witnessed first hand how a friend or family member got bit by a spider, you don’t want to go through similar pain, poisonous or not, a spider bite hurts a whole lot. Think I’m lying? Ask Peter Parker - Spiderman lol.
arachnophobia
iii.                  Cultural beliefs - Some places in Africa believe spiders are extremely dangerous creatures, some even are making up scary tales about them and hard wiring these beliefs into children from birth can cause them to have arachnophobia at a very young age and die with it too. Funny enough, some other parts of Africa again actually eat spiders as a yummy delight, talk about massively overcoming the fear of spiders.

        Symptoms of arachnophobia
            So we have known what causes the fear of spiders but how do you know if you have the fear of spider
            phobia? Well patients having arachnophobia exhibit similar signs. The more common and easy to
diagnose symptoms include;
*increased heart rate
*dizziness
*screaming at the sight of a spider
*trembling
*sweating
*panic attacks
*running away from the scene
 The symptoms of archnophobia differs and ranges in intensity according to how afraid of spiders such person is.

How to cure arachnophobia
Ok, so we know the causes and symptoms of arachnophobia but what about the cure? How do you cure arachnophobia? Unlike the fear of snakes phobia that won't really haunt you cause you hardly see a snake on a day to day basis, Spiders are nearly impossible to avoid in our homes, so it is important that one tries to overcome arachnophobia rather than avoid it. You can't run forever, so face your fear and own it!
some of the common ways of overcoming arachnophobia include;
System Desensitization; this has been effective for many cases of phobia in a person. In the case of arachnophobia, the person is slowly made to rid of the phobia of spiders by gradually being exposed to images of spiders and learning to cope with it. I explained it under 'stare your phobia in the eyes' in my how to overcome phobia article. There is now a mobile app reviewed and approved the NHS of UK called Phobia Free which uses this method.
Medication; medicine that induce relaxation along with anti-anxiety and anti-depressant drugs  help to overcome the fear of spiders or rather control the phobia but must be used under professional dosage and can not be continued for so long.
See also the cognitive behavioral therapy CBT
Self Therapy; yes you can cure yourself and rid of the fear of spiders right at the convinience of your chair right there by simply following some tips and tricks carefully and gradually. I compiled a few ways on how to overcome phobia, a continuation of the 'stare your phobia in the eyes' given above.
 Get up and start the spider hunt! you can do it! you can overcome your arachnophobia, good luck!

NOMOPHOBIA - The Fear Of Being Without a Phone

nomophobia - fear of losing your phone
What is nomophobia?
Nomophobia is the fear of being without or losing our phone. Nomophobia is a very recent type of phobia caused by the growing population of phone users worldwide unlike many other phobias was gotten from two English words; NOMobilePHOBIA in full.

Causes of nomophobia
One of the major causes of is addiction and also having had a bad experience of being left without a phone where it was most needed. Other causes of nomophobia just basically fall under that category.

How do I know if I have nomophobia? Nomophobia is not too hard to figure out. However, while losing one’s phone can be heartbreaking or phone battery dying out just when your crush is about replying your text, nomophobia is quite different from such feelings. During a nomophobia test, here are a few questions asked to the patients so they have a view of what nomophobia is;

*Do you feel uneasy after being offline for a while?
*Are you absent minded when you are on your phone?
*Do you prefer talking online even to people in the same room as you?
*Do you feel like heaven has fallen when you misplace your phone?
*Do you have several power banks you often use?
 I'm sure by now you should also have a clue weather or not you have nomophobia.                       

Symptoms of nomophobia
So if you think you may be having nomophobia now, nomophobia can cause a victim various mental and physical symptoms and these symptoms range depending on how severe the case is. A few among these symptoms of nomophobia are as follows;
- anxiety and increased heart rate when you’re without your phone.
- you reach for your phone first thing in the morning and last thing before you sleep not even for alarm purposes.
- over protection of your phone and battery level. You would rather give $1000 than spare a friend your dying battery bar.
- use of phone anywhere, anyhow, no matter how inappropriate it is.
- you just wondered if a phone is ever inappropriate to use.
- anxiety over not being online for a while.


How to cure nomophobia
Does nomophobia have a cure? Yes, nomophobia can be cured! An effective way of curing nomophobia is by first understanding the dangers we put ourselves by letting ourselves be bested by nomophobia. A few amoung the consequences of nomophobia include the following;
i. You’re wasting time
A lot of times we think we can multitask, how well has that worked out for you? We also grow the habit of procrastination “I’ll go prepare dinner in 5 minutes”. 30 minutes later we’re still saying the same phrase.
ii. You are not sleeping well
Nomophobia can cause sleepless nights. The excessive blue light emitted from our phones as been shown to alter time spent in deep sleep and this persists even on days that we are unable to use our phones before bedtime.
iii. Your health is at risk
Bad sleeping habits can cause illnesses ranging from cold and catarrh to obesity, diabetes and even cancer, beware!
      iv. Nomophobia causes anxiety now and then and the more frequent these anxieties, the more you’re likely having higher blood pressure.

Finally, having known the dangers, here are a few self devoted ways to cure nomophobia;

i. Turn off your phone before bedtime
Reading a book can do the trick and ensure the phone is completely off and not on silence as the blinking light or vibrations are distractions on their own.
ii. Establish a No-Phone period
Dedicate a few hours of the days to put your phone aside and do something productive. Sounds easy? Well that’s because it is and you are doing yourself a lot of good too.
iii. Have more real conversations
Talk to people around you and give exceptional attention to everything they say while simultaneously making good remarks.
iv. Enjoy nature
Take a walk, take a hike or cycle round town, enjoy the view and commit it to memory alone. Do not take pictures with your phone, just enjoy what you see.


Was this article helpful? Do you have any contributions I missed out on? Please leave a comment, it'll be most appreciated.

Trypophobia - hole phobia

Trypophobia, sometimes misspelt as "tripophobia" is also known as the hole phobia or holes phobia as you may wan it. Whichever you call it, trypophobia is the irrational fear of clustered holes. It is discovered now however that it is not necessarily holes alone but most features that are clustered together and have irregular patterns as well all cause trypophobia.
 To get a full detailed explanation on the causes, symptoms and how to cure trypophobia, click HERE and view the full article. In this article, I'll be categorising trypophobia into 2 types based on the recent discovery that trypophobia is triggered in many individuals by different type of images. The 2 main types are:

i. Holes in skin/Trypophobia skin disease

ii. Holes in plants and insects or non-skin holes

Yes! Different people have trypophobia by different causes. I noticed personally that I get irritated with holes in skin rather than the holes in plants and insects while other clients say otherwise. Then there are people who actually have trypophobia of anything so long as it is having features such as the said clustered holes. Below is a brief explanation of the two types of trypophobia talked about earlier;

There's a Fear of mobile devices? Do you know you're most likely to have it too?

i. Holes in skin
Holes in skin are usually pictures of infected skin people call trypophobia skin disease. Trypophobia skin disease appears as holes in skin and these skin holes however, are nearly all fake, if not all. These skin holes created by photo editors are meant to irritate you and I at the moment of writing this have trypophobia of skin holes cause of the mixture of the disgusting sight of tiny holes probably filled with infections and blood all over. Medical personnels are not so likely to have the fear of holes, I don't think I need to explain why but as for people like me, I hate seeing blood or open wounds in the first place, now adding clustered holes or patches of dark spots nearly just kills me. Knowing these skin holes are fake may also constitute to curing trypophobia ut have you ever been in a dream, knowing fully well its a dream but that monster chasing you still makes you run. I hope you get my point.
 Below are the awful trypophobic images I've been able to compile with my eyes closed, ok no, my eyes were open, therapy is actually working, how I'm putting my trpophobia under control is given right below, stay tuned.
 Give your honest description as to how you feel after viewing the following trypophobic images

ii. Trypophobia in plants and insects
Unlike the trypophobia skin disease, trypophobia here are the more natural types which include the fear of lotus holes and other types of holes developed on plants and insects and even some amphibians just working their normal day to day activities minding their own business while you sit there being irritated at their beauty, ok just kidding. Below are some pictures of non-skin pictures of trypophobia
Lotus holes are the leading causes of trypophobia in plants.
 The honeycomb is in turn the leading naturally occurring type of trypophobia caused by insects.
Other examples include the toad belky full of eggs and some others such as the following images



So, would you say you are trypophobic to the skin disease or the non skin holes or are you even trypophobic at all? Or was it both, please let me know in the comments sections, your comments are much appropriated, thank you. 
How to cure trypophobia
Trypophobia like some other phobias is actually really easy to cure - take it from an ex trypophobic patient (me! well not complete yet as at this time). Check out some ways on how to overcome phobia including trypophobia and other types of phobia on your own and be a free man or woman like me! I specially compiled a list of useful safe ways to overcome phobia of any sort at the comfort of your home given it works for you, thank me later!


 So, which type of trypophobia do you have let me know in the comments below thanks!

Fear of Heights Phobia - Acrophobia

What
is Acrophobia?

 Acrophobia, the fear of heights is an abnormally persistent fear of high places. Abnormal because in most cases, while everyone else would feel safe looking down a skyscraper from the inside, a person with acrophobia would already be perhaps shaking while barely taking a peep even though risks of falling off are almost impossible from that angle. I have a friend who's over 6 feet and yet he is acrophobic, so now I wonder how he's not scared of looking down with his own massive height lol.
 Height phobia to some extent is a good and somewhat normal and protective type of phobia because a lot of us have some tendency of acrophobia and in most cases, it prevents us from doing stupid things like throwing a back flip off the 5th floor of a building without proper safety measures. However, cases where height phobia becomes a really disturbing feeling makes it beyond just normal thus making one avoid many things relating to elevated surfaces and some of which include avoiding tall companies to work in, the common house maintenance practices like fixing a light bulbs or climbing tall staircases or even simply relaxing on the roof top enjoying the evening view.



One man's poison is another man's meat they say, while many suffer the phobia of heights, others are performing dangerous stunts and flints whilst climbing or atop seriously tall buildings and structures. A good example is Mustang.
Ukraine's Mustang Wanted
  


Symptoms of Acrophobia
  Symptoms of acrophobia are easily identified as they are triggered when a situation associated with high places is involved. The more popular symptoms of acrophobia include:
- grasping for air
- sweating
- shaking
- dizziness
- shock
- blurred vision
mild cases of acrophobia is often just associated with fear of falling off the building and blurred or shaky vision when looking down the building. It should be noted that for average people not having acrophobia, it is still advisable not to look down a tall building for a lot of reasons too.
 All the above symptoms of acrophobia are caused generally by the person's fear of falling and getting hurt, breaking a leg, a spine or worse, dying!

Causes of Acrophobia

The causes of acrophobia like many other phobias are largely debated. Studies show acrophobia may be hereditary, which means one might be having acrophobia because a family member is having to too, perhaps the parents or grandparents or even further downwards, other suggestions are that it might arise from past experience of psychological trauma associated with heights which has been proven to be true for so many other types of phobia too. The causes of acrophobia is generally agreed to be triggered by different causes from person to person. Perhaps the person has fallen from a tall structure in the past or has witnessed it firsthand, it could even be because they have been watching and or hearing too many stories of people falling and dying or sustaining injuries or there about. Another acceptable cause of acrophobia is that the fear of heights phobia might be a survival instinct. Research has shown, being a type of phobia belonging to a category of specific phobias called space and motion discomfort, many mammals show similar repulsive behaviours when brought to higher grounds - an attribute similar to cats' rejection to moving near water bodies like lakes and streams. this is one of the most acceptable causes of acrophobia along with the psychological trauma, causing a scar in the mind.

How to Overcome Acrophobia
Treatments for the fear of heights are luckily available and very easy to follow too, so getting rid of acrophobia is not as difficult as the phobia may pose to be on its own, there are professionals online that can help overcome acrophobia gradually with consistency and tests. A similar way is the common Cognitive-behavioural therapy which is without doubt one of the best suggested options anyone can give but if you feel you're not up for such, you might as well overcome acrophobia at your pace by yourself. I created an article earlier on how to overcome the fear of heights and other phobias by yourself, click HERE to view it.
 So, good luck fighting your fear of heights!

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Trypophobia - the Fear of Holes

The fear of holes, trypophobia is a type of phobia where the patient is afraid or rather irritated by clustered and irregular pattern of holes. I, along with 15% of the world's population are said to be trypophobic, so you're not alone!(if that makes you feel any better). Trypophobia was rumoured to have been identified just 2005 making it a rather new type of phobia compared to the others.
 Although it is called the "fear of holes", trypophobia is actually more likened to irritation and disgust because most trypophobic patients (like myself) on seeing irregular patterns or tiny holes feel like squashing or destroying such object or just the fear of having the phobia of holes on their actual skin.

 Test for trypophobia
 WARNING! THE FOLLOWING IMAGES MIGHT BE QUITE DISTURBING. FEEL FREE TO SKIP THEM AND KEEP SCROLLING INSTEAD.



If you're irritated by the following images, then you are most likely a trypophobic patient




  


Symptoms of trypophobia

The above images make goosebumps rise all over my body, itching sensation all over and one feels like squashing the darn images at times and other times just crawling under the bed and crying like a big fat cry baby. Those are the rather mild symptoms of the phobia of holes.
The more severe symptoms include
*increased heart rate
*heavy breathing
*uncontrolled trembling
*dizziness
*throwing up or just feeling so
 Those are the few among the many symptoms of trypophobia. It is also observed that people get trypophobic symptoms by different type of images for instance a person might feel the symptoms of trypophobia by seeing the picture of holes on plants or non-living things and reverse is the case for others. This is just a few among the many instances however. The 2 main causes of trypohobia has been explained here.


Fear of mobile phones? 70% world population have it, you could too! Click to find out

Causes of trypophobia
Trypophobia, unlike the other phobias doesn't exactly have a known cause, however, scientists as always, have come up with the possible causes of the fear of holes which they mentioned it being the work of the brain. They further explain saying it is actually the brain that is said to be trypophobic and its trying to associate the holes with some kind of danger. This was concluded while interviewing some clients and the summary is given as follows:
i. The brain sees danger in such objects and wishes to keep them away example is the blue ringed octopus whose poison is enough to kill a man.
ii. Past experiences such as chicken pox, severe skin rashes and the likes may cause a permanent scar in the memory.
iii. The sight of holes in the body caused by parasites or infections(image 3) can get a person scared of such ever happening to them.
iv. A breed of octopus actually have suction tubes in their tentacles that are poisonous and thus, the neeed for survival at all costs arises the fear of holes, trypohobia.
 Others unfortuately, like me just don't have really have a known reason yet. I mean, why would you be irritated by a sweet yummy honeycomb?

How to cure trypophobia
 Curing trypophobia might be easy or hard or both! As a victim, I came across some ways to cure trypophobia myself and so I made an article with all the gathered knowledge on "How to Overcome Phobia". These methods have frankly helped up to this moment i'm writing this, to reduce but not YET completely eradicate the fear of holes I'm having( because i am not so persistent). Who knows, by the time you're reading this, i might just have already completely overcome my phobia of holes. Other methods include the popular Cognitive Behavioural Therapy which requires the service of an expert. Always remember however, that you can always avoid seeing trypophobic images making trypophobia one of the easiest avoidable phobias, how often do you see a bunch of irregular pattern holes anyways? To round it up, there is little we know today about trypophobia and in fact is not officially recognised as a phobia.

Do you think you're trypophobic? How did you feel after seeing those images? Kindly comment below, your response will highly be appreciated!

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