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The Fear of Spiders - Arachnophobia

the fear of spiders

The fear of spiders, arachnophobia is equally a really common phobia particularly to females. It is gotten from two Greek words ‘arachine’ meaning spiders and ‘phobia’ meaning fear of, thus the name – arachnophobia, the fear of spiders. It is to be noted that spiders are not insects rather they are arachnids thus, the fear of spiders should not be confused with the fear of insects, entomophobia.

Causes of arachnophobia
The causes of arachnophobia are quite numerous, from the common causes of phobia to the not so common ones, arachnophobia sure has a long list. A few of the more important causes of arachnophobia includes the following;
i.                     Evolutionary adaptation - yes! Just like a cat’s instinct to chase a mouse and a mouse’s instinct to run at the sight of a cat without ever before being told that they are sworn enemies, predator and prey, scientists believe the fear of spiders might have originated from this similar ideology thus our body is telling us to stir clear of spiders in the form of fear. The only question remains, if this is so, why do we not all have arachnophobia?

ii.                   Traumatic experience(s) – I remember the first time I attempted doing a back flip, my form was wrong and I landed so bad it gave me serious fears to attempt it a second time. Similarly, the fear of spiders may be instilled upon us if we have ever been bitten before by a spider or witnessed first hand how a friend or family member got bit by a spider, you don’t want to go through similar pain, poisonous or not, a spider bite hurts a whole lot. Think I’m lying? Ask spiderman lol.
arachnophobia
iii.                  Cultural beliefs - Some places in Africa believe spiders are extremely dangerous creatures, some even are making up scary tales about them and hardwiring these beliefs into children from birth can cause them to have arachnophobia at a very young age and die with it too. Funny enough, some other parts of Africa again actually eat spiders as a yummy delight, talk about massively overcoming the fear of spiders.

        Symptoms of arachnophobia
            So we have known what causes the fear of spiders but how do you know if you have the fear of spider
            phobia? Well patients having arachnophobia exhibit similar signs. The more common and easy to
diagnose symptoms include;
*increased heart rate
*dizziness
*screaming at the sight of a spider
*trembling
*sweating
*panic attacks
*running away from the scene

How to cure arachnophobia
Ok, so we know the causes and symptoms of arachnophobia but what about the cure? How do you cure arachnophobia? Unlike the fear of snakes phobia, Spiders are nearly impossible to avoid in our homes, so it is important that one tries to overcome arachnophobia rather than avoid it.
some of the common ways of overcoming arachnophobia include;
System Desensitization; this has been effective for many cases of phobia in a person. In the case of arachnophobia, the person is slowly made to rid of the phobia of spiders by gradually being exposed to images of spiders and learning to cope with it. I explained it under 'stare your phobia in the eyes' in my how to overcome phobia article. There is now a mobile app reviewed and approved the NHS of UK called Phobia Free which uses this method.
Medication; medicine that induce relaxation along with anti-anxiety and anti-depressant drugs  help to overcome the fear of spiders or rather control the phobia but must be used under professional dosage and can not be continued for so long.

NOMOPHOBIA - The Fear Of Being Without a Phone

nomophobia - fear of losing your phone
What is nomophobia?
Nomophobia is the fear of being without or losing our phone. Nomophobia is a very recent type of phobia caused by the growing population of phone users worldwide unlike many other phobias was gotten from two English words; NOMobilePHOBIA in full.

Causes of nomophobia
One of the major causes of is addiction and also having had a bad experience of being left without a phone where it was most needed. Other causes of nomophobia just basically fall under that category.

How do I know if I have nomophobia? Nomophobia is not too hard to figure out. However, while losing one’s phone can be heartbreaking or phone battery dying out just when your crush is about replying your text, nomophobia is quite different from such feelings. During a nomophobia test, here are a few questions asked to the patients so they have a view of what nomophobia is;

*Do you feel uneasy after being offline for a while?
*Are you absent minded when you are on your phone?
*Do you prefer talking online even to people in the same room as you?
*Do you feel like heaven has fallen when you misplace your phone?
*Do you have several power banks you often use?
 I'm sure by now you should also have a clue weather or not you have nomophobia.                       

Symptoms of nomophobia
So if you think you may be having nomophobia now, nomophobia can cause a victim various mental and physical symptoms and these symptoms range depending on how severe the case is. A few among these symptoms of nomophobia are as follows;
- anxiety and increased heart rate when you’re without your phone.
- you reach for your phone first thing in the morning and last thing before you sleep not even for alarm purposes.
- over protection of your phone and battery level. You would rather give $1000 than spare a friend your dying battery bar.
- use of phone anywhere, anyhow, no matter how inappropriate it is.
- you just wondered if a phone is ever inappropriate to use.
- anxiety over not being online for a while.


How to cure nomophobia
Does nomophobia have a cure? Yes, nomophobia can be cured! An effective way of curing nomophobia is by first understanding the dangers we put ourselves by letting ourselves be bested by nomophobia. A few amoung the consequences of nomophobia include the following;
i. You’re wasting time
A lot of times we think we can multitask, how well has that worked out for you? We also grow the habit of procrastination “I’ll go prepare dinner in 5 minutes”. 30 minutes later we’re still saying the same phrase.
ii. You are not sleeping well
Nomophobia can cause sleepless nights. The excessive blue light emitted from our phones as been shown to alter time spent in deep sleep and this persists even on days that we are unable to use our phones before bedtime.
iii. Your health is at risk
Bad sleeping habits can cause illnesses ranging from cold and catarrh to obesity, diabetes and even cancer, beware!
      iv. Nomophobia causes anxiety now and then and the more frequent these anxieties, the more you’re likely having higher blood pressure.

Finally, having known the dangers, here are a few self devoted ways to cure nomophobia;

i. Turn off your phone before bedtime
Reading a book can do the trick and ensure the phone is completely off and not on silence as the blinking light or vibrations are distractions on their own.
ii. Establish a No-Phone period
Dedicate a few hours of the days to put your phone aside and do something productive. Sounds easy? Well that’s because it is and you are doing yourself a lot of good too.
iii. Have more real conversations
Talk to people around you and give exceptional attention to everything they say while simultaneously making good remarks.
iv. Enjoy nature
Take a walk, take a hike or cycle round town, enjoy the view and commit it to memory alone. Do not take pictures with your phone, just enjoy what you see.


Was this article helpful? Do you have any contributions I missed out on? Please leave a comment, it'll be most appreciated.

Trypophobia - hole phobia

Trypophobia misspelt as "tripophobia" is also known as the hole phobia. Whichever you call it, trypophobia is the irrational fear of clustered holes.
 To get a full detail explanation on the causes, symptoms and cure of trypophobia, click HERE. In this article, I'll be categorising trypophobia into 2 types based on the recent discovery that trypophobia is triggered in many individuals by different type of images. The 2 main types are:

i. Holes in skin/Trypophobia skin disease

ii. Holes in plants and insects

Yes! Different people have trypophobia by different causes. I noticed personally that I get irritated with holes in skin rather than of other things while other clients say otherwise.

There's a Fear of mobile devices?

i. Holes in skin
Holes in skin are usually pictures of infected skin people call trypophobia skin disease. Trypophobia skin disease appears as holes in skin and these skin holes however, are nearly all fake, if not all. These skin holes created by photo editors are meant to irritate you and I if we had trypophobia of skin holes cause of the mixture of the disgusting sight of tiny holes probably filled with infections and blood all over. Medical personells are not so likely to have the fear of holes, I don't think I need to explain why but as for people like me, knowing these skin holes are fake may also constitute to curing trypophobia.

ii. Trypophobia in plants and insects
Unlike the trypophobia skin disease, trypophobia here are the more natural types which include the fear of lotus holes and other types of holes developed on plants.
Lotus holes are the leading causes of trypophobia in plants.
 The honeycomb is in turn the leading naturally occurring type of trypophobia caused by insects.
Other examples include the toad belky full of eggs and some others such as the following images



How to cure trypophobia
Trypophobia unlike many other phobias is actually really easy to cure - take it from an ex trypophobic patient (me!). Click HERE for ways on how to cure trypophobia on your own and be a free man or woman like me! Thank me later!


 So, which type of trypophobia do you have let me know in the comments below thanks!

Fear of Heights Phobia - Acrophobia

What
is Acrophobia?

 Acrophobia, the fear of heights is an abnormally persistent fear of high places. Abnormal because in most cases, while everyone else would feel safe looking down a skyscraper from the inside, a person with acrophobia would already be perhaps shaking while barely taking a peep. I have a friend who's over 6 feet and yet is acrophobic, so now I wonder how he's not scared of looking down with his own massive height lol.
 Height phobia however is a good and somewhat normal type of phobia because we all have some tendency of acrophobia and in most cases, it prevents us from doing stupid things like a back flip off the 5th floor of a building but cases where height phobia becomes a really disturbing feeling makes it beyond just normal thus making one avoid many things some of which include avoiding tall companies to work in, the common house maintenance practices like fixing a lightbulb or climbing tall staircases.

Symptoms of Acrophobia

Symptoms of acrophobia are easily identified as they are triggered when a situation associated with high places is involved. The more popular symptoms of acrophobia include:
- grasping for air
- sweating
- shaking
- dizziness
- shock
- blurred vision
 All the above symptoms of acrophobia are caused generally by the person's fear of falling and getting hurt or worse, dying!

Causes of Acrophobia

The causes of acrophobia like many other phobias are largely debated. Studies show acrophobia may be hereditary, others suggest that it might arise from past experience of psychological trauma associated with heights. Perhaps the person has fallen from a tall structure in the past or has witnessed it firsthand.
 The most widely accepted cause of acrophobia is that the fear of heights phobia might be a survival instinct. Research has shown, being a type of phobia belonging to a category of specific phobias called space and motion discomfort, many mammals show similar repulsive behaviours when brought to higher grounds - an attribute similar to cats' rejection to moving near water bodies like lakes and streams.

How
Ukraine's Mustang Wanted
to Overcome Acrophobia

Treatments for the fear of heights are luckily available, so you have a lot of hope for getting rid of acrophobia. Cognitive-behavioural therapy is without doubt the first suggested option and to overcome the fear of heights by yourself, a few ways have been complied together HERE.
 So, good luck fighting your fear of heights!

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Trypophobia - the Fear of Holes

The fear of holes, trypophobia is a type of phobia where the patient is afraid or rather irritated by clustered and irregular pattern of holes. I, along with 15% of the world's population are said to be trypophobic, so you're not alone!(if that makes you feel any better). Trypophobia was rumoured to have been identified just 2005 making it a rather new type of phobia compared to the others.
 Although it is called the "fear of holes", trypophobia is actually more likened to irritation and disgust because most trypophobic patients (like myself) on seeing irregular patterns or tiny holes feel like squashing or destroying such object or just the fear of having the phobia of holes on their actual skin.

 Test for trypophobia
 WARNING! THE FOLLOWING IMAGES MIGHT BE QUITE DISTURBING. FEEL FREE TO SKIP THEM AND KEEP SCROLLING INSTEAD.



If you're irritated by the following images, then you are most likely a trypophobic patient




  


Symptoms of trypophobia

The above images make goosebumps rise all over my body, itching sensation all over and one feels like squashing the darn images at times and other times just crawling under the bed and crying like a big fat cry baby. Those are the rather mild symptoms of the phobia of holes.
The more servere symptoms include
*increased heart rate
*heavy breathing
*uncontrolled trembling
*dizziness
*throwing up or just feeling so
 Those are the few among the many symptoms of trypophobia. It is also observed that people get trypophobic symptoms by different type of images for instance a person might feel the symptoms of trypophobia by seeing the picture of holes on plants or non-living things and reverse is the case for others. This is just a few among the many instances however. The 2 main causes of trypohobia has been explained here.


Fear of mobile phones? 70% have it, you could too!

Causes of trypophobia
Trypophobia, unlike the other phobias doesn't exactly have a known cause, however, scientists as always, have come up with the possible causes of the fear of holes which they mentioned it being the work of the brain. They further explain saying the brain is trypophobic and its trying to associate the holes with some kind of danger. This was concluded while interviewing some clients and the summary is given as follows:
i. The brain sees danger in such objects and wishes to keep them away example is the blue ringed octopus whose poison is enough to kill a man.
ii. Past experiences such as chicken pox, severe skin rashes and the likes may cause a permanent scar in the memory.
iii. The sight of holes in the body caused by parasites or infections(image 3) can get a person scared of such ever happening to them.
 Others unfortuately, like me just don't have a known reason. I mean, why would you be irritated by a sweet yummy honeycomb?

How to cure trypophobia
 Curing trypophobia might be easy or hard or both! As a victim, I came across some ways to cure trypophobia myself and so I made an article with all the gathered knowledge on "How to Overcome Phobia". The methods have frankly helped up to this moment i'm writing this, to reduce but not YET completely eradicate the fear of holes I'm having( because i am not so persistent). Other methods include the popular Cognitive Behavioural Therapy which requires the service of an expert. Always remember however, that you can always avoid seeing trypophobic images making trypophobia one of the easiest avoidable phobias, how often do you see a bunch of irregular pattern holes anyways? To round it up, there is little we know today about trypophobia and in fact is not officially recognised as a phobia.

Do you think you're trypophobic? How did you feel after seeing those images? Kindly comment below, your response will highly be appreciated!

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